Water Management

Research Advances in Sustainable
Micro Irrigation

Wastewater Management for Irrigation
Principles and Practices

Editor-in-Chief: Megh R. Goyal, PhD, PE
Vinod K. Tripathi, PhD, Coeditor

Wastewater Management for Irrigation

Pub Date: October 2015
Hardback Price: $169.95 US
Hard ISBN: 9781771881203
Pages: 474pp with index
Binding Type: hardback
Series: Research Advances in Sustainable
Micro Irrigation

Volume: 8
Notes: 57 B/W Illustrations

The reuse of wastewater in irrigation is being practiced only recently to solve water scarcity problems in agriculture. Management of water, soil, crop and operational procedures, including precautions to protect farm workers, play an important role in the successful use of sewage effluent for irrigation. Appropriate water management practices must be followed to prevent salinization, If salt is not flushed out of the root zone by leaching and removed from the soil by effective drainage, salinity problems can build up rapidly. Leaching and drainage are thus two important water management practices to avoid salinization of soils. One of the options that may be available to farmers is the blending of treated sewage with conventional sources of water to obtain a blended water of acceptable salinity level.

This important book focuses on the use of wastewater as a valuable resource for agricultural micro irrigation purposes. It covers effective wastewater management practices in a variety of climates, including semi-arid regions and others; how to perform effective evaluations to gauge the quality of the water on plants, including potatoes, maize, eggplant; and the cost benefit of using wastewater. It addresses the sources of wastewater for irrigation and the problems along with challenges, including water quality, clogging, soil quality, and more.

The mission of this compendium is to serve as a reference manual for professionals in biological and civil engineering, horticulture, soil and crop science, and agronomy, as well as for graduate and undergraduate students in related fields. It will be a valuable reference for professionals who work with micro irrigation/wastewater and water management, for technical agricultural centers, irrigation centers, agricultural extension services, and other agencies that work with micro irrigation programs.

PART I: Irrigation Management
1. Quality of Irrigation Water Resources: Egypt
A. S. El-Henawy, M. R. Khalifa. and M. M. Saffan
2. Emitter Clogging: A Menace to Drip Irrigation
<>Vishal K. Chavan
3. Mechanism of Emitter Clogging: A Review
Vishal K. Chavan, S. K. Deshmukh and M. B. Nagdeve
4. Management of Emitter Clogging with Municipal Wastewater
A. Capra and B. Scicolone
5. Management of Micro Irrigation Using Wastewater to Reduce Emitter Clogging: A Review
Antonina Capra

PART II: Wastewater Management Practices
6. Reuse of Municipal Wastewater for Agricultural Irrigation: A Review
Juan C. Durán-Álvarez and Blanca Jiménez–Cisneros
7. Microorganism Contamination in Crops Grown with Wastewater Irrigation: A Review
Prerna Prasad and Vinod Kumar Tripathi
8. Present Status of Wastewater Generation, Disposal and Reuse Challenges for Agriculture
Vinod Kumar Tripathi
9. Impact of Semi-Arid Climate on Wastewater Quality Parameters
Vinod Kumar Tripathi
10. Quality of Municipal Wastewater for Micro Irrigation
Vinod K. Tripathi, T. B. S. Rajput, Neelam Patel, and Lata
11. Biometric Response of Eggplant Under Sustainable Micro Irrigation with Municipal Wastewater
Vinod Kumar Tripathi, T. B. S. Rajput, Neelam Patel, and Pradeep Kumar
12. Cost-Benefit Analysis of Wastewater Reuse in Micro Irrigation
Sushil Kumar Shukla and Ashutosh Tripathi
13. Evaluation of Micro Irrigation with Municipal Wastewater
Vinod Kumar Tripathi, T.B.S. Rajput, Neelam Patel, and Lata
14. Performance of Micro Irrigated Potato with Treated Wastewater
H. A. A. Mansour and Cs. Gyuricza
15. Effects of Treated Wastewater on Water Use Efficiency of Potato
H. A. A. Mansour, M. S. Gaballah, M. Abd El-Hady, and Ebtisam I. Eldardiry
16. Soil Evaporation from Drip Irrigated Maize Field
Hossein Dehghanisanij and Hanieh Kosari

About the Authors / Editors:
Editor-in-Chief: Megh R. Goyal, PhD, PE
Retired Professor in Agricultural and Biomedical Engineering, University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez Campus; Senior Acquisitions Editor, Biomedical Engineering and Agricultural Science, Apple Academic Press, Inc.

Megh R. Goyal, PhD, PE, is a Retired Professor in Agricultural and Biomedical Engineering from the General Engineering Department in the College of Engineering at University of Puerto Rico–Mayaguez Campus; and Senior Acquisitions Editor and Senior Technical Editor-in-Chief in Agriculture and Biomedical Engineering for Apple Academic Press Inc. He received his BSc degree in engineering in 1971 from Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India; his MSc degree in 1977 and PhD degree in 1979 from the Ohio State University, Columbus; and his Master of Divinity degree in 2001 from Puerto Rico Evangelical Seminary, Hato Rey, Puerto Rico, USA. He spent one-year sabbatical leave in 2002–2003 at the Biomedical Engineering Department at Florida International University in Miami, Florida, USA. Since 1971, he has worked as Soil Conservation Inspector (1971); Research Assistant at Haryana Agricultural University (1972–75) and Ohio State University (1975–79); Research Agricultural Engineer/Professor at the Department of Agricultural Engineering of UPRM (1979–1997); and Professor in Agricultural and Biomedical Engineering in the General Engineering Department of UPRM (1997–2012).

He was first agricultural engineer to receive the professional license in Agricultural Engineering in 1986 from College of Engineers and Surveyors of Puerto Rico. On September 16, 2005, he was proclaimed as “Father of Irrigation Engineering in Puerto Rico for the twentieth century” by the ASABE, Puerto Rico Section, for his pioneer work on micro irrigation, evapotranspiration, agroclimatology, and soil and water engineering. During his professional career of 45 years, he has received awards such as Scientist of the Year, Blue Ribbon Extension Award, Research Paper Award, Nolan Mitchell Young Extension Worker Award, Agricultural Engineer of the Year, Citations by Mayors of Juana Diaz and Ponce, Membership Grand Prize for ASAE Campaign, Felix Castro Rodriguez Academic Excellence, Rashtrya Ratan Award and Bharat Excellence Award and Gold Medal, Domingo Marrero Navarro Prize, Adopted Son of Moca, Irrigation Protagonist of UPRM, and Man of Drip Irrigation by Mayor of Municipalities of Mayaguez/Caguas/Ponce and Senate/Secretary of Agriculture of ELA, Puerto Rico.

He has authored more than 200 journal articles and textbooks, including Elements of Agroclimatology (Spanish) by UNISARC, Colombia, and two Bibliographies on Drip Irrigation. Apple Academic Press Inc. (AAP) has published his books, namely Biofluid Dynamics of Human Body, Management of Drip/Trickle or Micro Irrigation, Evapotranspiration: Principles and Applications for Water Management, Sustainable Micro Irrigation Design Systems for Agricultural Crops: Practices and Theory, Biomechanics of Artificial Organs and Prostheses, and Scientific and Technical Terms in Bioengineering and Biotechnology. During 2014–15, AAP is publishing his ten-volume set, Research Advances in Sustainable Micro Irrigation. Readers may contact him at: goyalmegh@gmail.com.

Vinod K. Tripathi, PhD, Coeditor
Assistant Professor, Center for Water Engineering & Management, School of Natural Resources Management, Central University of Jharkhand, Brambe, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India

Vinod Kumar Tripathi, PhD, is working as Assistant Professor in the Center for Water Engineering & Management at the School of Natural Resources Management at the Central University of Jharkhand, Brambe, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India. He has developed a methodology to improve the quality of produce by utilizing municipal wastewater under drip irrigation during his PhD research. His area of interest is geo-informatics, hydraulics in micro irrigation, and the development of suitable water management technologies for higher crop and water productivity. He has taught hydraulics, design of hydraulic structures, water and wastewater engineering, and geo-informatics to postgraduate students at Central University of Jharkhand, Ranchi, India. He is a national level expert to evaluate the government of India funded schemes for rural water supply and sanitation. He obtained his BTech degree in agricultural engineering in 1998 from Allahabad University, India; his MTech degree from G. B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar, India, in irrigation and drainage engineering; and his PhD degree in 201, from the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India. He is a critical reader, thinker, planner, and fluent writer and has published more than 32 peer-reviewed research publications and bulletins. He has attended several national/international conferences.

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