Agriculture & Allied Sciences

Temperate Crop Science and Breeding
Ecological and Genetic Studies

Editors: Sarra A. Bekuzarova, DSc
Nina A. Bome, DSc
Anatoly I. Opalko, PhD
Larissa I. Weisfeld, PhD
Reviewers and Advisory Board Members:
Gennady E. Zaikov, DSc, and A. K. Haghi, PhD


Temperate Crop Science and Breeding

Published. Available now.
Pub Date: April 2016
Hardback Price: $149.95 US
Hard ISBN: 9781771882255
E-Book ISBN: 9781771882293
Pages: 610pp with index
Binding Type: hardback
Notes: 100 b/w illustrations

This new collective monograph covers a wide variety of research on the ecological aspects of crops growing under stress conditions due to atmospheric changes and pollution and the impact on both plant and human health. The book provides research that will help to find ways to overcome adverse abiotic environmental factors and unfavorable anthropogenic pressures on crop plants, which also eventually impact human health.

Divided into six parts, leading authors from many institutes provide and share new knowledge gained from studies on ecological and genetic controls of plant resistance to various adverse environmental factors. Geneticists and breeders are creating new cultivars and hybrids of crops, which greatly expand the range of source material. The book includes a range of material on the biology, genetics, and breeding of crops, taking into account ecological and climatic conditions, with emphasize on the impact to humans. The main agricultural crops are studied: cereals, fodder crops, and horticultural plants. The chapters include the interaction of plant–soil–environment, ways of using plants as anticancer drugs, and other important problems and trends in agriculture and nature management.

The role of various genetic and agronomic approaches to improve plant productivity, taking into account seasonal changes in soil acidity and the content of trace elements are considered. With the increasing demand and consumption of vegetables and fruits (by themselves or as additions to other foods), new agricultural methods are needed to overcome the deficit, and these new methods pose new concerns.

The book includes:
• plant breeding under adverse conditions of acid soils
• new studies in horticultural crop science
• ecological peculiarities of particular regions
• cytogenetic anomalies of the local human population
• phenogenetic studies of cultivated plants and biological properties of the seeds
• anthropogenic pressure on environmental and plant diversity
• methods of evaluation of the quantitative and qualitative characters in breeding

All these scientific works combine to focus on a united, common goal: understanding ecological and genetic biodiversity in order to protect the environment. The studies are of interest to engineers professionals and students in agriculture and other related professions, and they may be applied at regional and international levels.

CONTENTS:
Preface
Introduction
PART I. PLANT BREEDING UNDER ADVERSE CONDITIONS OF ACID SOILS
1. Breeding of Grain Crops in Extreme Climatic Conditions
Galina A. Batalova, Irina N. Shchennikova, and Eugene M. Lisitsyn
2. Genetics of Quantitative Traits of Productivity and Qualities of Grain of Oat Avena sativa L.
Galina A. Batalova and Eugene M. Lisitsyn
3. Role of Somaclonal Variation in Cereal Breeding for Aluminum Resistance
Eugene M. Lisitsyn and Lyudmila N. Shikhova
4. Ecological Stability of Spring Barley Varieties
Irina N. Shchennikova and Eugene M. Lisitsyn
5. Barley Genotypes (Hordeum vulgare L.) Created by the Method of Cell Selection
Olga N. Shupletsova, Irina N. Shchennikova, and Tatyana K. Sheshegova
6. Basic Elements of Mineral Nutrition at Plants of Grain Crops under Conditions of Oxygen Stress
Lyudmila N. Shihova, Eugene M. Lisitsyn, and Galina A. Batalova
7. Edaphic Stress as the Modifier of Correlation of Yield Structure’s Elements in Cereal Crops
Eugene M. Lisitsyn and Lyudmila N. Shikhova

PART II. HORTICULTURAL CROP SCIENCE
8. Biological Features of the New Pear Cultivars (Pyrus communis L.)
Mykola Ol. Bublyk, Oksana Iv. Mykychuk, Liudmyla A. Fryzyuk, Liudmyla M. Levchyk, and Galyna A.Chorna
9. Amino Acid Composition of Strawberries (Fragaria ×ananassa Duch.)
Irina L. Zamorska
10. The Viral Diseases of the Corylus Spp. Вiotechnology of Production of Improvement Plant Material
Galina A. Tarasenko, Ivan Sem. Kosenko, Olga A. Boyko, and Anatoly I. Opalko
11. Phylogenetic Connections Between Representatives of the Genus Amelanchier Medik
Anatoly Iv. Opalko, Olena D. Andrienko, and Olga А. Opalko

PART III. ECOLOGICAL PECULIARITIES OF THE FOOTHILLS OF THE NORTHEN CAUCASUS: CYTOGENETIC ANOMALIES OF THE LOCAL HUMAN POPULATION
12. Sources of Fresh and Mineral Water in North Ossetia–Alania
Margarita E. Dzodzikova
13. Introduction of Clover Species (Trifolium L.) in the North Caucasus
Sarra A. Bekuzarova, Lidia B. Sokolova, and Irina T. Samova
14. Detoxification of Soils Contaminated with Heavy Metals
Galina P. Khubaeva, Sarra A. Bekuzarova, and Kurman E. Sokaev
15. Genetic Health of the Human Population as a Reflection of the Environment: Cytogenetic Analysis
Lidia V. Chopikashvili, Tatiana I. Tsidaeva, Sergey V. Skupnevsky, Elena G. Pukhaeva, Larisa A. Bobyleva, and Fatima K. Rurua

PART IV. PHENOGENETIC STUDIES OF CULTIVATED PLANTS AND BIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF THE SEEDS
16. Ecological and Biological Study of Collection of the Genus Hordeum L.
Nina A. Bome, Nikolay V. Tetyannikov, Alexander Y. Bome, and Olga N. Kovalyova
17. Reaction of Collection Samples of Barley (Hordeum L.) and Oats (Avena L.) on Chloride Salinization
Nina A. Bome and Alexander Y. Bome
18. Resistance to Impact of Environment Factors of Hybrid Forms Soft Spring Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
Elena I. Ripberger and Nina A. Bome
19. Comparative Trials of Variety Samples of Eastern Galega (Galega orientalis Lam.)
Vera I. Bushuyeva, Marina N. Avramenko, and Catherine S. Andronovich

PART V. ANTHROPOGENIC PRESSURE ON ENVIRONMENTAL AND PLANT DIVERSITY
20. Plant Response to Oil Contamination in Simulated Conditions
Nina A. Bome and Reval A. Nazyrov
21. Influence of Anthropogenic Pressure on Environmental Characteristics of Meadow Habitats in the Forest and Forest-Steppe Zones
Anna A.Kuzemko
22. Dynamics of the Floristic Diversity of Meadows as a Stability Factor of Herbaceous Ecosystems
Rafail A. Afanas'ev
23. Botanico-Geographical Zoning of the Upper Dnieper Basin on the Base of the J. Braun-Blanquet Vegetation Classification Approach
Yury A. Semenishchenkov

PART VI: METHODS OF STUDYING THE QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF SELECTION SAMPLES
24. Sustainability of Agrocenoses in the Use of Fertilizers on the Basis of Sewage Sludge
Genrietta Y. Merzlaya and Michail O. Smirnov
25. Transformation of Mobile Phosphorus in the Soils of Agroecosystems During Prolonged Trials
Rafail A. Afanas’ev and Genrietta Ye. Merzlaya
26. Accounting Within-Field Variability of Soil Fertility to Optimize Differentiated Fertilizer Application
Rafail A. Afanas'ev
27. Gas Discharge Visualization of Selection Samples of Trifolium pretense L.
Victoria A. Belyayeva
28. Application Galega orientalis Lam. for Solving Problems of Reduction the Cost of Forage
Igor Y. Kuznetsov
29. The Effect on the Incidence and the Development of Malignant Tumors
Valery N. Erokhin, Tamara A. Misharina, and Elena B. Burlakova
Index


About the Authors / Editors:
Editors: Sarra A. Bekuzarova, DSc
Deserved Inventor of Russia, awarded the Medal of Popova; Professor, Gorsky State University of Agriculture, Vladikavkaz, Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russia; Professor at North-Ossetia State University, Vladikavkaz, Republic of North Ossetia-Al

Sarra A. Bekuzarova, DSc in Agriculture, is Head of the Laboratory at Plant Breeding of Fodder Crops at the North Caucasus of Institute of Mountain and Foothill Agriculture of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania. She is also a Professor at Gorsky State University of Agriculture, Vladikavkaz, Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russia, as well as a Professor at L. N. Kosta Khetagurov North-Ossetia State University, Vladikavkaz, Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russia.

She is also a prolific author, researcher, and lecturer, and has received the Medal of Popova. She is a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences as well as a member of the International Academy of Authors of Scientific Discoveries and Inventions, the International Academy of Sciences and Ecology, All-Russian Academy of Non-traditional and Rare Plants, and the International Academy of Agrarian Education, among others. She is a member of the editorial boards of several scientific journals and co-edited the books Ecological Consequences of Increasing Crop Productivity: Plant Breeding and Biotic Diversity and Biological Systems, Biodiversity, and Stability of Plant Communities (Apple Academic Press).

Nina A. Bome, DSc
Professor and Head, Department of Botany, Biotechnology and Landscape Architecture, Institute of Biology, Tyumen State University, Tyumen, Russia

Nina A. Bome, DSc in Agriculture, is Professor and Head of the Department of Botany, Biotechnology and Landscape Architecture at the Institute of Biology at the Tyumen State University, Tyumen, Russia. She is the author of the monographs, articles, school-books, patents, and she is a lecturer. The is the Director and Founder of the Scientific School for Young Specialists. She is the author of about 300 publications. She participates in long-term Russian and international programs. Her main field of interest concerns basic problems of adaptive potential of cultivated crops, mutagenesis, possibility of conservation, enhancing biodiversity of plants, methods of evaluation of plants’ resistance to the phytopatogens and other unfavorable environmental factors, and genetic resources of cultivated plants in the extreme conditions of the Western Siberia. She is a co-editor of the books Ecological Consequences of Increasing Crop Productivity: Plant Breeding and Biotic Diversity and Biological Systems, Biodiversity, and Stability of Plant Communities (Apple Academic Press).

Anatoly I. Opalko, PhD
Head of the Physiology, Genetics, Plant Breeding and Biotechnology Division, National Dendrological Park "Sofiyivka" of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine; Professor at Uman National University of Horticulture, Uman, Cherkassy District, Ukraine

Anatoly I. Opalko, DSc, is a Professor and Head of the Physiology, Genetics, Plant Breeding and Biotechnology Division at the National Dendrological Park “Sofiyivka” of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Uman, Cherkassy region, Ukraine, and a Professor and Genetics, Plant Breeding and Biotechnology Сhair in Uman National University of Horticulture, Uman, Ukraine. He is also the Head of the Cherkassy Regional Branch of the Vavilov Society of Geneticists and Breeders of Ukraine. He is also a prolific author, researcher, and lecturer. He has received several awards for his work, including the badge of honor for “Excellence in Agricultural Education” and the badge of honor of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine for professional achievement. He is member of many professional organizations and on the editorial boards of the Ukrainian biological and agricultural science journals. In 2013 he was a co-editor of the book Ecological Consequences of Increasing Crop Productivity: Plant Breeding and Biotic Diversity and Biological Systems, Biodiversity, and Stability of Plant Communities (Apple Academic Press).

Larissa I. Weisfeld, PhD
Senior Researcher, N. M. Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Larissa I. Weisfeld, PhD, is a Senior Researcher at the N. M. Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow, Russia, and a member of the N. I. Vavilov Society of Geneticists and Breeders. She is the author of about 300 publications in scientific journals, patents, and conference proceedings, as well as the co-author of a work on three new cultivars of winter wheat. Her research interests concern the basic problems of chemical mutagenesis, cytogenetic and the other ecological problems. She has worked as a scientific editor at the publishing house Nauka (Moscow) and of the journals Genetics and Ontogenesis. In 2013 she was a co-editor of the book Ecological Consequences of Increasing Crop Productivity: Plant Breeding and Biotic Diversity and Biological Systems, Biodiversity, and Stability of Plant Communities (Apple Academic Press).

Reviewers and Advisory Board Members:
Gennady E. Zaikov, DSc, and A. K. Haghi, PhD






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