Agriculture & Allied Sciences

Innovations in Agricultural and Biological Engineering

Soil and Water Engineering
Principles and Applications of Modeling

Editors: Balram Panigrahi, PhD
Megh R. Goyal, PhD, PE

Soil and Water Engineering

Published. Available now.
Pub Date: May 2016
Hardback Price: $189.95 US
Hard ISBN: 9781771883924
E-Book ISBN: 9781771883931
Pages: 610pp w index
Binding Type: hardback
Series: Innovations in Agricultural and Biological Engineering
Notes: 18 color and 136 b/w illustrations

In recent years, modeling aspects have added a new dimension in research innovations in all branches of engineering. In the field of soil and water engineering, they are increasingly used for planning, development, and management of land and water resources, including analysis of quantity and quality parameters of surface and ground water, flood forecasting and control measures, optimum allocation and utilization of irrigation water, increasing water productivity in rainfed and irrigated commands, reclamation of waterlogged areas, etc. The application of these models saves considerable time in decision support systems and helps in conservation and proper and optimum allocations of scarce precious natural resources such as soil and water in enhancing agricultural production.

This new book, the sixth volume in the Innovations in Agricultural & Biological Engineering book series, discusses the development of some useful models and their applications in the field of soil and water engineering. Organized into four sections, the book covers
• modeling soil water engineering systems in rainfed areas
• modeling irrigation systems in canal commands
• research advances in soil and water
• rainfall analysis for crop planning

The book addresses the modeling and design of on-farm reservoir irrigation systems, watershed planning and management, water conservation in rainfed areas, and modeling optimum dyke heights to conserve maximum rainfall in rainfed. The volume goes on to examine modeling methods used in canal water delivery systems, the use of remote sensing and geographical information systems in rice irrigated canal commands, and irrigation management using decision support systems. Other topics include the application of aquifer simulation models in study of ground water, ground water quality analysis by artificial neural networks, carbon sequestration study in restoring degraded soils and management of waterlogged areas by bio-drainage, and integrated farming systems.

A special chapter on a sustainability concept to evaluate performance of rainfall time series is presented, and a study of annual daily extreme precipitation of different rain-gauge stations is presented and will be of immense help in planning and management of water resources.

Soil and Water Engineering: Principles and Applications of Modeling will for all academicians, research investigators, field engineers, agronomists, soil scientists and extension personnel who directly or indirectly deal with soil and water engineering, as well as students in the field.

Preface 1 by Balram Panigrahi
Preface 2 by Megh R. Goyal
Foreword by M. Kar

Part I: Modeling Soil Water Engineering Systems in Rainfed Areas
1. Runoff and On-Farm Reservoir Supplemental Irrigation: Effects on Water and Nitrogen Dynamics Under Rainfed Rice: Mustard Cropping System
L. P. Pholane, Sudhindra N. Panda, and L. N. Sethi
2. Innovations in Water Conservation for Rainfed Areas of Eastern India
Susama Sudhishri, Anchal Dass, and P. R. Choudhury
3. Design of Water Harvesting Pond
S. K. Pattanaik
4. Watershed Planning Using Interactive Multi Objective Linear Programming Approach: A Case Study
Rakesh K. Sahu, J. C. Paul, and B. Panigrahi
5. Simulation of Optimum Dike Height in Rainfed Rice Field
Trushnamayee Nanda, Banamali Panigrahi, and Balram Panigrahi

Part II: Modeling Irrigation Systems in Canal Command
6. Performance Assessment of Rice Irrigation Project Using Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System
G. Chandra Mouli, Sudhindra N. Panda, and V.M. Chowdary
7. Evaluation of Performance Indices for Water Delivery Systems: Canal Irrigation
S. K. Raul and M. L. Gaur
8. Effective Irrigation Management Using Decision Support System: Wheat, Peanut and Maize
S. K. Behera and R. K. Panda

Part III: Research Advances in Soil and Water Engineering
9. Integrated Farming System and Biodrainage: Management of Waterlogged Area
Susanta Kumar Jena, S. Roy Chowdhury, R. K. Mohanty, N. Sahoo, D. K. Kundu, and M.S. Behera
10. Role of Simulation Modeling of Aquifer Systems in Water Resources Planning and Management
S. Mohanty and Madan Kumar Jha
11. Role of Carbon Sequestration in Restoring Degraded Soils: Review
Anirban Ray and Sampad Ghosh
12. Analysis and Prediction of Water Quality Using Principal Component Analysis and Neural Network
Mrunmayee M. Sahoo, K. C. Patra, J. B. Swain, and K. K. Khatua

PART IV: Rainfall Analysis for Crop Planning
13. Comparison of IMD and CMIP5 Rainfall Products for Annual Daily Extreme Precipitation: India
Soumen Maji, Trushnamayee Nanda, and Banamali Panigrahi
14. Sustainability Concept to Evaluate Performance of Rainfall Time Series
Deepesh Machiwal, Devi Dayal, and Madan Kumar Jha
15. Reservoir Inflows in a Tropical Humid Climate: Thailand
Proloy Deb and Nirakar Pradhan

About the Authors / Editors:
Editors: Balram Panigrahi, PhD
Professor and Head, Soil and Water Conservation Engineering, College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar, India

Dr. Balram Panigrahi is an agricultural engineer with specialization in soil and water engineering. Dr. Panigrahi is presently Professor and Head of the Department of Soil and Water Conservation Engineering (SWCE) at the College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology (CAET), Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology (OUAT), in Bhubaneswar, India. He also served as Chief Scientist of the Water Management Project and Associate Director of Research in Regional Research Station of OUAT.

Dr. Panigrahi has published about 180 technical papers in different international and national journals and conference proceedings. He has written several book chapters, practical manuals, and monographs. He has also written two textbooks in the field of irrigation engineering. He has been awarded with 14 gold medals and awards, including the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for best post-graduate research in the field of natural resources management by Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi; the Samanta Chandra Sekhar Award for best scientist in the state of Odisha, India; and the Gobinda Gupta Award as outstanding engineer of the state of Odisha, given by the Institution of Engineers (India), Odisha state center. He has also received a Japanese Master Fellowship for pursuing a master of engineering study at the Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand. In addition to being the editor and an editorial board member of several journals, Dr. Panigrahi is a reviewer for many journals. He is the member of a number of professional societies at national and international levels. He has chaired several international and national conferences both in India and abroad. With 26 years of of teaching and research experience, he has guided several PhD and many MTech students. Dr. Panigrahi’s research interests include irrigation and drainage engineering, water Management in rainfed and irrigated commands, and modeling of irrigation systems.

He obtained his BTech in agricultural engineering from Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology (OUAT), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India, and his Master of Engineering in water resources engineering from the Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand. He was awarded this PhD in agricultural engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India.

Megh R. Goyal, PhD, PE
Retired Professor in Agricultural and Biomedical Engineering, University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez Campus Senior Acquisitions Editor, Biomedical Engineering and Agricultural Science, Apple Academic Press, Inc. email:

Megh R. Goyal, PhD, PE, is a Retired Professor in Agricultural and Biomedical Engineering from the General Engineering Department in the College of Engineering at University of Puerto Rico–Mayaguez Campus; and Senior Acquisitions Editor and Senior Technical Editor-in-Chief in Agriculture and Biomedical Engineering for Apple Academic Press Inc. He has worked as a Soil Conservation Inspector and as a Research Assistant at Haryana Agricultural University and Ohio State University. He was first agricultural engineer to receive the professional license in Agricultural Engineering in 1986 from College of Engineers and Surveyors of Puerto Rico. On September 16, 2005, he was proclaimed as “Father of Irrigation Engineering in Puerto Rico for the twentieth century” by the ASABE, Puerto Rico Section, for his pioneer work on micro irrigation, evapotranspiration, agroclimatology, and soil and water engineering. During his professional career of 45 years, he has received many prestigious awards. A prolific author and editor, he has written more than 200 journal articles and textbooks and has edited over 25 books. He received his BSc degree in engineering from Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India; his MSc and PhD degrees from Ohio State University, Columbus; and his Master of Divinity degree from Puerto Rico Evangelical Seminary, Hato Rey, Puerto Rico, USA.

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