Materials Science

Green Biorenewable Biocomposites
From Knowledge to Industrial Applications

Editors: Vijay Kumar Thakur, PhD
Michael R. Kessler, PhD

Green Biorenewable Biocomposites

Published. Available now.
Pub Date: January 2015
Hardback Price: $169.95 US
Hard ISBN: 9781771880329
Pages: 568 pages with index
Binding Type: hardbound

“Recommended. Graduate students, researchers/faculty, and professionals/practitioners. . . . There has been a rapid rise of interest and importance in sustainable materials and green chemistry, with many books dedicated to biomaterials and biocomposites. . . . This volume, edited by Thakur and Kessler (both, Washington State Univ.), includes some of the same biomaterials, such as cellulose and nanocellulose, as in [other] books, but it also includes hydroxyapatite and spider silk. It largely focuses on composites prepared for specific applications, with several chapters describing biocomposites for sound absorption and others for use in the body, but biocomposite processing and properties are extensively discussed throughout much of the book. Although chemists can understand some chapters and engineers can understand others, readers should have a good background in polymer science to take full advantage of this book.”
— P. G. Heiden, Michigan Technological University, in CHOICE Connect

Keeping in mind the advantages of bio-based materials, this book focuses on the potential efficacy of different biocomposites procured from diverse natural resources and the preparation and processing of the biocomposites to be used for a variety of applications. Each chapter gives an overview on a particular biocomposite material and its processing and successful utilization for selected applications. The chapters summarize recently developed research on such topics as:

  • spider silk biocomposites
  • biogenic hydroxyapatite based implant biocomposites
  • liquid crystals and cellulose derivatives biocomposites
  • bio-based epoxy resins
  • bio-based polyphenols and lignocellulosic fibers
  • wood-based biocomposites
  • flame retardant biocomposites
  • biocomposites for industrial noise control
  • cellulose-based bionanocomposites
Each individual chapter also focuses on the knowledge and understanding of the interfaces manifested in these biocomposites systems and the optimization of different parameters for novel properties. In addition to this, the book also summarizes the recent developments made in the area of injection molding of biocomposites, chemical functionalization of natural fibers, processing of biocomposites, and their applications in the automotive and biomedical industries. A number of critical issues and suggestions for future work are discussed, underscoring the roles of researchers for the efficient development of biocomposite materials through value addition to enhance their use.

Key Features:
➢ Highlights new frontiers and potential applications of green biorenewable biocomposites
➢ Highlights processing, surface modifications, and different characterizations of diverse biorenewable biocomposites.
➢ Focuses on sustainability and future perspectives of biorenewable biocomposites
➢ Discusses the construction strategies of silk-, hydroxyapatite-, cellulose-, and wood-based functional materials.
➢ Provides up-to-date information regarding the bionanocomposites and biobased epoxy resins.
➢ Discusses applications of biorenewable polymers for high performance composites and noise control technology.
➢ Presents the chronology, challenges, and obstacles of biorenewable biocomposites.

Chapter 1: Spider Silk Biocomposites: From Recombinant Protein to Fibers
Tyler Chuang, Albert Lin, and Craig Vierra

Chapter 2: Biogenic Hydroxyapatite Based Implant Materials

Katalin Balázsi and Csaba Balázsi

Chapter 3: Liquid Crystals and Cellulose Derivatives Composites

Adina Maria Dobos, Mihaela-Dorina Onofrei, and Silvia Ioan

Chapter 4: Biocomposites Composed of Bio-Based Epoxy Resins, Bio-Based Polyphenols and Lignocellulosic Fibers

Mitsuhiro Shibata

Chapter 5: Biocomposite Structures as Sound Absorber Materials

Nazire Deniz Yılmaz and Nancy B. Powell

Chapter 6: Biocomposites for Industrial Noise Control

A. R. Mohanty and S. Fatima

Chapter 7: Complex Shape Forming of Flax Fabrics: Analysis of the Solutions to Prevent Defects

Pierre Ouagne and Damien Soulat

Chapter 8: Injection Molding of Natural Fiber Reinforced Composites

Inderdeep Singh and Saurabh Chaitanya

Chapter 9: Development and Properties of Sugar Palm Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites

S. M. Sapuan, J. Sahari , and M. L. Sanyang

Chapter 10: Biocomposites Based on Natural Fibers and Polymer Matrix: From Theory to Industrial Products

Anita Grozdanov, Igor Jordanov, Maria E. Errico, Gennaro Gentile, and Maurizio Avella

Chapter 11: Fire Resistance Cellulosic Fibers for Biocomposites

Minh-Tan Ton-That and Tri-Dung Ngo

Chapter 12: Reinforcing Fillers and Coupling Agents’ Effects for Performing Wood Polymer Composites

Diène Ndiaye, Mamadou Gueye, Coumba Thiandoume, Ansou Malang Badji, and Adams Tidjani

Chapter 13 : Mechanical, Physical, Thermal, and Spectrophotometric Properties of Dried Distillers Grains with Solubles, Paulownia Wood, and Pine Wood Reinforced High Density Polyethylene Composites: Effect of Maleation, Chemical Modification, and the Mixing of Fillers

Brent Tisserat, Louis Reifschneider, David Grewell, Gowrishanker Srinivasan, and Rogers Harry O’kurud

Chapter 14: The Multifunctional Chemical Tunability of Wood-Based Polymers for Advanced Biomaterials Applications

Teresa Cristina Fonseca Silva, Deusanilde Silva, and Lucian A. Lucia

Chapter 15: Sldpe/Wheat Gluten Husk Biocomposites Applied to Benzophenone Absortion: Determination of Properties Using Computational Chemistry

Norma-Aurea Rangel-Vazquez, Adrian Bonilla-Petriciolet, and Virginia Hernandez-Montoya

Chapter 16: Nano-Cellulose Reinforced Chitosan Nanocomposites For Packaging and Biomedical Applications

Pratheep K. Annamalai and Dilip Depan

Chapter 17: Bionanocomposites: A Greener Alternative For Future Generation

Murshid Iman and Tarun K. Maji


About the Authors / Editors:
Editors: Vijay Kumar Thakur, PhD
Staff Scientist, School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington

Vijay Kumar Thakur, PhD, is Staff Scientist at the School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering at Washington State University in Pullman, Washington. He is an editorial board member of several international journals, including Advanced Chemistry Letters, Lignocelluloses, Drug Inventions Today, International Journal of Energy Engineering, and Journal of Textile Science & Engineering, to name a few, and is also member of scientific bodies around the world. His former appointments include as a Research Scientist in Temasek Laboratories at the Nanyang Technological University in Singapore, Visiting Research Fellow in the Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering at the LungHwa University of Science and Technology in Taiwan, and Post Doctorate in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Iowa State University. In his academic carrier, he has published more than 100 research articles, patents, and conference proceedings in the field of polymers and materials science. He has published ten books and 25 book chapters on the advanced state of the art of polymers/ materials science with numerous publishers. He has extensive expertise in the synthesis of polymers (natural/ synthetic), nano materials, nanocomposites, biocomposites, graft copolymers, high performance capacitors and electrochromic materials.

Michael R. Kessler, PhD
Professor and Director, School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington

Michael R. Kessler, PhD, is an expert in the mechanics, processing, and characterization of polymer matrix composites and nanocomposites. His research thrusts include the development of multifunctional materials (including the development of self-healing structural composites), polymer matrix composites for extreme environments, bio-renewable polymers and composites, and the evaluation of these materials using experimental mechanics and thermal analysis. These broad-based topics span the fields of organic chemistry, applied mechanics, and processing science. He has extensive experience in processing and characterizing thermosets, including those created through ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP), such as poly-dicyclopentadiene, and the cyclotrimerization of cyanate ester resins. In addition to his responsibilities as Professor of Mechanical and Materials Engineering at Washington State University, he serves as the Director of the school. He has developed an active research group with external funding of over ten million dollars—including funding from the National Science Foundation, ACS Petroleum Research Fund, Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP), Department of Defense, Department of Agriculture, and NASA. His honors include the Army Research Office Young Investigator Award, the Air Force Office of Scientific Research Young Investigator Award, the NSF CAREER Award, and the Elsevier Young Composites Researcher Award from the American Society for Composites. He has published over 100 journal papers, with over 3700 citations, holds six patents, edited a book on the characterization of composite materials, presented over 200 talks at national and international meetings, and serves as a frequent reviewer and referee in his field.

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