Environmental Biotechnology
Biodegradation, Bioremediation, and Bioconversion of Xenobiotics for Sustainable Development

Editors: Jeyabalan Sangeetha, PhD
Devarajan Thangadurai, PhD
Muniswamy David, PhD
Mohd Azmuddin Abdullah, PhD

Environmental Biotechnology

Pub Date: October 2016
Hardback Price: $159.95 US
Hard ISBN: 9781771883627
E-Book ISBN: 9781771883634
Pages: 434 pages with index
Binding Type: hardback

With a focus on the practical use of modern biotechnology for environmental sustainability, this book provides a thoughtful overview of molecular aspects of environmental studies to create a new awareness of fundamental biological processes and sustainable ecological concerns. It covers the latest research and current innovations by prominent scientists and researchers in this fast-growing field of modern biology and delineates recent and prospective applications in the sub-areas of environmental biotechnology with a special focus on the biodegradation of toxic pollutants, bioremediation of contaminated environments, and bioconversion of organic wastes toward a green economy and sustainable future.

This book highlights the most notable trends in the fields of environmental science and biotechnology. With chapters written by some of the best experts in this fast-developing field, Environmental Biotechnology: Biodegradation, Bioremediation, and Bioconversion of Xenobiotics for Sustainable Development present the reasonable manifestation of the realistic biological approaches currently employed in modern biotechnology to address environmental issues. It provides updated information on various aspects of environmental biotechnology, such as

  • microbial interactions
  • microbial explorations in extreme environments
  • applications of nanomaterials for water remediation
  • impact of toxicants on microbial communities and soil bioprocesses
  • production of biofuel from microalgae
  • algal industrial waste treatment
  • reduction of tannery waste water pollution
  • phytoremediation of organic chemopollutants bioconversion of palm oil and sugar industry wastes
  • environmental influence on postharvest deterioration of fruits
  • soil remediation
  • ecological restoration
  • heavy metal pollution
  • radioactive waste materials
  • dehalogenation and bioremediation of xenobiotics using fungi
  • explores the environment at molecular level to create new knowledge on the presence of newer organisms
  • integrates biotechnology into many facets of environmental studies from taxonomy to genomics
  • distills the plethora of information about interactions between microbes and ecosystems
  • offer long-range solutions for potential environmental risks through phyto- and myco-technologies
  • describes better approaches for sustainable development in industrial processes
  • utilizes potential microbes for production of eco-friendly byproducts and recyclable biomaterials to preserve and restore the environment
  • highlights advances, trends and applications in modern biotechnology for environmental sustainability
  • focuses on biodegradation, bioremediation and bioconversion towards green economy and sustainable future
The book will be valuable for graduate students, research scholars, biotechnology researchers, and environmental professionals and will help to broaden their knowledge of these modern approaches, newer processes, and potential applications.

The book covers many recent, most relevant, and updated topics that are of great use for sustainable practices in environmental management, such as noxious waste reduction by bioremediation, emergence of ecofriendly plastics, the daunting tasks of understanding the genomics of uncultivated microorganisms or whole environmental sequencing via metagenomics, manipulating a plant’s capacity to tolerate, accumulate, and metabolize pollutants by phytoremediation, the ability of providing full or semi-quantitative analytical information using biological recognition elements called biosensors, finding ways to minimize the use of fossil fuel energy, bacterial bioleaching, manufacture of bioplastics and biosurfactants. All these and much more are covered in this book which describes the practical use of modern biotechnology for environmental sustainability.


1. The Role of General Methods and Mathematical Models on Microbial Evolution, Ecological Interactions, and Population Dynamics
Subir Kumar Nandy

2. Identification of Microorganisms Carried by Aeolian Dust to Other Continents and Their Impact on Public Health
Paraskevi A. Farazi

3. Chlorinated Compounds in Natural and Biotechnological Processes: Merits, Risks, and Uses
Sándor T. Forczek, Josef Holík, Luděk Rederer, and Martin Ferenčík

4. Environmental Impact of Pesticide Use on Microbial Communities and Soil Bioprocesses: A Physiological, Biochemical and Molecular Perspective
Jeyabalan Sangeetha, Muniswamy David, Devarajan Thangadurai, Etigemane Ramappa Harish, Jadhav Shrinivas, Prathima Purushotham, and Kartheek Rajendra Malowade

5. Recent Advances in Applications of Nanomaterials for Water Remediation
Kaliyaperumal Rani and Barindra Sana

6. Fungal Dehalogenation: An Overview
Raghunath Satpathy, Venkata Sai Badireenath Konkimalla, and Jagnyeswar Ratha

7. Insight of Biofuel Prospects from Microalgae as Renewable Energy Source for Environmental Sustainability
Ganapathi Sibi

8. Integrated Algal Industrial Waste Treatment and Bioenergy Co-Generation
Mohd Azmuddin Abdullah, Ashfaq Ahmad, and Syed Muhammad Usman Shah

9. Bioambiant Preservation of Raw Hides Using Plant Based Materials: A Green Technology to Reduce Tannery Waste Water Pollution
Prafulla Namdeo Shede, Ashish Vasantrao Polkade, Pradnya Pralhad Kanekar, Prashant Kamalakar Dhakephalkar, and Seema Shreepad Sarnaik

10. Phytoremediation of Organic Chemopollutants
Pradnya Pralhad Kanekar, Seema Shreepad Sarnaik, Parag Avinash Vaishampayan, and Prafulla Namdeo Shede

11. Bioconversion of Palm Oil and Sugar Industry Wastes into Value-Added Polyhydroxyalkanoate
Noor Fazielawanie Mohd Rashid, Ain Farhana Mohd Yatim, Al Ashraf Amirul, and Kesaven Bhubalan

12. Influence of Environmental Factors on the Prevalence of Postharvest Deterioration of Raphia and Shea Fruits in Nigeria
Okungbowa Francisca Iziegbe and Esiegbuya Ofeoritse Daniel

13. Soil Remediation and Ecological Restoration from Heavy Metal Pollution and Radioactive Waste Materials using Fungal Genetic and Genomic Resources
Jeyabalan Sangeetha, Devarajan Thangadurai, Muniswamy David, Jadhav Shrinivas, Abhishek Channayya Mundaragi, Paidi Murali Krishna, Etigemane Ramappa Harish, Prathima Purushotham, and Swapna Kishor Deshpande

14. A Multifaceted Bioremediation of Xenobiotics Using Fungi
Devipriya Rabin Majumder


About the Authors / Editors:
Editors: Jeyabalan Sangeetha, PhD
Assistant Professor, Central University of Kerala, Kasaragod, South India

Jeyabalan Sangeetha, PhD, is an Assistant Professor at the Central University of Kerala at Kasaragod, South India. She earned her BSc in Microbiology and PhD in Environmental Science from Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India. She also holds an MSc in Environmental Science from Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India. She is the recipient of the Tamil Nadu Government Scholarship and the Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship of the University Grants Commission, Government of India, for her doctoral studies. She served as the Dr. D.S. Kothari Postdoctoral Fellow and the UGC Postdoctoral Fellow at Karnatak University, Dharwad, South Indiam during 2012–2016 with funding from the University Grants Commission, Government of India, New Delhi. Her main research interests are in environmental toxicology, environmental microbiology, and environmental biotechnology, and her scientific/community leadership has included serving as editor of an international journal Acta Biololgica Indica.

Devarajan Thangadurai, PhD
Senior Assistant Professor, Karnatak University, Dharwad, India

Devarajan Thangadurai, PhD, is Senior Assistant Professor at Karnatak University in South India; President of the Society for Applied Biotechnology; and General Secretary for the Association for the Advancement of Biodiversity Science. In addition, Dr. Thangadurai is Editor-in-Chief of several journals, including Biotechnology, Bioinformatics and Bioengineering; Acta Biologica Indica; Biodiversity Research International; and the Asian Journal of Microbiology. He received his PhD in Botany from Sri Krishnadevaraya University in South India. During 2002–2004, he worked as CSIR Senior Research Fellow with funding from the Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India. He served as Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Madeira, Portugal; University of Delhi, India; and ICAR National Research Centre for Banana, India. He is the recipient of the Best Young Scientist Award with a Gold Medal from Acharya Nagarjuna University and the VGST-SMYSR Young Scientist Award of the Government of Karnataka, Republic of India. He has edited/authored fifteen books including Genetic Resources and Biotechnology (3 vols.), Genes, Genomes and Genomics (2 vols.), and Mycorrhizal Biotechnology with publishers of national and international reputation.

Muniswamy David, PhD
Professor, Karnatak University, Dharwad, India

Muniswamy David, PhD, joined Karnatak University, Dharwad, South India, in 1995 as Assistant Professor and advanced to the rank of full Professor of Zoology in 2012. He has vast teaching and research experience in the fields of ecotoxicology, molecular toxicology, microbial remediation of xenobiotics, and fishery biology. He has published more than 80 papers in national and internationally reputed journals. Dr. David obtained his PhD in zoology from Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Anantapur, South India, and has awarded a postdoctoral fellowship by the University Grant Commission, New Delhi, India. He was also named Scientist of the Year–2013 from the National Environmental Science Academy, New Delhi, India. He has successfully handled three major research projects funded by UGC, DST-SERB, and Hutti Gold Mines Pvt. Ltd., Karnataka.

Mohd Azmuddin Abdullah, PhD
Associate Professor, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia

Mohd Azmuddin Abdullah, PhD, is an Associate Professor of Bioprocess and Environmental Engineering at the Institute of Marine Biotechnology, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu. He was a visiting scientist (1997) at Kinki University, Japan, under the JSPS Fellowship and a postdoctoral scientist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA, under the Malaysia-MIT Biotechnology Partnership Program. He was a lecturer in the Department of Biotechnology, Universiti Putra Malaysia and a Senior Lecturer and Associate Professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Malaysia. He has published more than 120 articles in peer-reviewed journals and conference proceedings, and has published many book chapters and technical reports on cell culture engineering, secondary metabolites, natural products, biomaterials, bioenergy, environmental remediation, drug delivery, photocatalysts, and chemical sensors. Dr. Abdullah obtained an MEng in chemical engineering and biotechnology from the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology, United Kingdom, under a PETRONAS Scholarship, and a PhD in bioprocess engineering from Universiti Putra Malaysia under a UPM Scholarship.

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