Environmental Science/Climate Change & Mitigation

Biodiversity of Tropical Wetlands and Forests
Editor: J. I. Nirmal Kumar, PhD

Biodiversity of Tropical Wetlands and Forests

In production
Pub Date: Aug, 2017
Hardback Price: $159.95 US
Hard ISBN: 9781771886079
E-Book ISBN: 9781315168159
Pages: Approx 495p w/Index
Binding Type: hardback
Notes: 30 color and 118 b/w illustrations

Biodiversity—the variety of genes, species, and ecosystems—is the basis for long-term ecosystem health and stability. Fifty percent of the world’s biodiversity is inhabited in tropical forests. The world’s biodiversity is diminishing and dwindling before our eyes at an alarming rate day by day. Half of the world’s wetlands have been lost in the past century; 80 percent of grasslands are suffering from soil degradation; and 20 percent of drylands are in danger of becoming deserts. Every minute of the day, 28 hectares of forest are lost throughout the world. Wetlands and forests are being cleared for urban and industrial development and encroached upon by local people. Because of the irreversibility of species extinction and habitat loss, this rampant depletion of our biodiversity exerts a terrible toll on both the natural and economic world, affecting both current and future generations. It is the need of the hour to preserve and conserve biological diversity of all wetlands, forests and other ecosystems of the world. Seeing the importance of this, the United Nations designated the years 2011–2020 as the “United Nations Decade on Biodiversity.”

This volume, Biodiversity of Tropical Wetlands and Forests, is the compiled research of Dr. Nirmal Kumar and his team over the last couple of decades on a diverse array of impacts on the biodiversity of tropical wetlands and forests. Divided into two parts, the volume provides valuable information on spatial and temporal fluctuations of phytoplankton, zooplankton, macrophytes, birds, and seaweed biodiversity of important tropical wetlands, including ponds, lakes, rivers, mangroves, and estuarine and coastal environments. It looks at their relationships and interactions with various hydro-geochemical nutrients along with limiting factors and quantification of anthropogenic pressures. The second part of this book presents an evaluation of plant and tree biodiversity in relation to soil nutrient content, concentration, nutrient dynamics, ethnobotanical, aesthetic values, resources use patterns, phenology of floral elements, biomass, net primary productivity, carbon storage and greenhouse gas emissions from tropical forests, wildlife sanctuaries, and plantations.

Providing a plethora of valuable information, the book will be a rich resource for researchers and students in the forestry, life sciences, environmental science, and related areas.

Key features:

  • Shows the spatial and temporal characterizations of hydro-geochemical properties (trophic status) and biotic components, such as macrophytes, phytoplankton, and zooplanktons of significant wetlands
  • Explores the impact and interrelations of pollutants on biodiversity of certain lentic, lotic, estuarine and mangroves waters
  • Assesses tree species diversity, phenology, aesthetic values, ethno-botanical and sociocultural status of tropical forests
  • Investigates the resources use pattern and anthropogenic pressures in both wetlands and forests
  • Evaluates nutrient status, nutrient dynamics, biomass, and productivity of forest tree species in the selected forests

CONTENTS:
Preface
PART I: BIODIVERSITY OF TROPICAL WETLANDS
1. Trophic Status of Certain Significant Ponds
B. C. Rana and J. I. Nirmal Kumar

2. Aquatic Plants in Relation to Chlorophyll: A Content
J. I. Nirmal Kumar

3. Ecology and Pollution of Aquatic Biodiversity
J. I. Nirmal Kumar

4. Ecological Principles of Freshwater Environment
J. I. Nirmal Kumar

5. Hydro-Chemical Properties for Ground Waters quality
J. I. Nirmal Kumar, Ira Bhatt, Rita N. Kumar, and Minal Patel

6. Anthropogenic Pressures of the Ramsar Site: The Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary
J. I. Nirmal Kumar, Hiren Soni, and Rita N Kumar

7. Investigation on Anthropogenic Discharges in Mahi Creek and Adjoining Coastal Waters
J. I. Nirmal Kumar, Kimani Sohil, and A. N. Kadam

8. Water Quality of Tropical Permanent Estuarine System
J. I. Nirmal Kumar, B. George, R. N. Kumar, P. R. Sajish, and S. Viyol

9. Measurement of Methane Emission in Two Rice Fields
J. I. Nirmal Kumar and Shailendra Viyol

10. Zooplankton Diversity in a Tropical Wetland System
J. I. Nirmal Kumar, Manishita Das, Rana Mukherji, and Rita N. Kumar

11. Hydrochemical Properties in Relation to Phytoplankton Composition of Tropical Community Wetland
J. I. Nirmal Kumar and Cini Oommen

12. Assessment of Geochemical Properties of the Sabarmati River and Kharicut Canal, India
Rita N. Kumar, Solanki Rajal, and J. I. Nirmal Kumar

13. Hydrochemical Characteristics of the Coastal Water of the Narmada Estuary
J. I. Nirmal Kumar, Basil George, Rita N. Kumar, Sajish P. Ravi, and Shailendra Viyol

14. Phytoplankton Distribution in Relation to Hydro-Chemical Parameters of the Tapi Estuary
Basil George, J. I. Nirmal Kumar, and Rita N. Kumar

15. Water Quality Parameters of the Mahi Estuary with Statistical Evaluation
J. I. Nirmal Kumar, P. R. Sajish, Rita Kumar, George Basil, and Shamiyan Khan

16. Seaweeds with Reference to Phytochemical Analysis and Antifungal Activity
J. I. Nirmal Kumar, Megha Barot, and Rita N. Kumar

17. Environmental Variables in Relation to Phytoplankton Assemblage of the Narmada Estuarine Region
Basil George, J. I. Nirmal Kumar, and Rita N. Kumar

18. Hydro-chemical Characters with Reference to Seaweed Diversity
Megha Barot, J. I. Nirmal Kumar, and Rita N. Kumar

PART II: Biodiversity of Tropical Forests
19. Socio-Cultural Status and Biodiversity of Two Tropical Forests
J. I. Nirmal Kumar, Rita N. Kumar, B. S. Hiren Kumar, and Amit N. Gohil

20. Plant Species Diversity of Two Tropical Forests
J. l. Nirmat Kumar, Rita N. Kumar, Amit N. Gohil and, and B. S. Hiren Kumar

21. Khatana Forest Tree Species Diversity
J. l. Nirmal Kumar, Rita N. Kumar, and Shintu Joseph

22. Avifaunal Diversity of the Waghai Forest, Northern Part of Western Ghats
J. l. Nirmal Kumar, Geetika Sharma, Rita N. Kumar, and Shintu Joseph

23. Ecology and Tree Species Diversity of the Waghai Forest of the Northern Part of Western Ghats
J. I. Nirmal Kumar, Rita N. Kumar, and Shintu Joseph

24. Plant Species Used for Ethnobotanical Values of Forests of the Extreme Northern Part of Western Ghats
J. I. Nirmal Kumar, Hiren Soni, and Rita N. Kumar

25. Anthropogenic Interventions of the Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary
J. I. Nirmal Kumar, Hiren Soni, and Rita N. Kumar

26. Selected Floral Elements for Aesthetic Values of the Khatana and Waghai Forests of the Extreme Northern Part of Western Ghats
J. I. Nirmal Kumar, Hiren Soni, and Rita N. Kumar

27. Tree Species Diversity of the Waghai Forest, North Extreme Part of Western Ghats as a Resource Use Pattern by Local Inhabitants
J. I. Nirmal Kumar, Hiren Soni, and Rita N. Kumar

28. Local People’s Involvement in the Jambughoda Wildlife Sanctuary
J. I. Nirmal Kumar, Hiren Soni, and Rita N. Kumar

29. Phenological Studies of the Tropical Waghai Forest, North Extreme Part of Western Ghats
J. I. Nirmal Kumar, Hiren Soni, and Rita N. Kumar

30. Tribal Community Dependency on Plant Species in the Saputara and Purna Forests
J. I. Nirmal Kumar, Hiren Soni, and Rita N. Kumar

31. Nutrient Content in the Aboveground Biomass of Teak Plantation in a Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest
J. I. Nirmal Kumar, R. N. Kumar, R. Kumar Bhoi, P. R. Sajish

32. Soil Nutrient Status in Relation to Tree Species Diversity of Three Sites of Tropical Dry Deciduous Forests
J. I. Nirmal Kumar, Rita N. Kumar, Rohit Kumar Bhoi, and P. R Sajish

33. Temporal and Spatial Variations in Soil Microbial Biomass C, N and P in Different Types Land Uses of Dry Deciduous Forest Ecosystem
K. Patel, J. I. Nirmal Kumar, J. I. N. Kumar, and R. Kumar Bhoi

34. Net Primary Productivity and Biomass in Three Different Aged Butea Forest Ecosystems
J. I. Nirmal Kumar, P. R. Sajish, Rita N. Kumar, and Kanti Patel

35. Mangrove Forest in Relation to Its Nutrient Dynamics in an Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh.
J. I. Nirmal Kumar, P. R. Sajish, Rita N. Kumar, and Kanti Patel

36. GHG Emissions from Soil-Atmosphere Exchange and Their Environmental Factors in Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest and Eucalyptus Plantations
J. I. Nirmal Kumar, Patel Kanti, Rita N. Kumar, and Priyakanchini Gupta

37. Soil-Atmosphere Exchange of Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Manilkara zapota and Mangifera indica Plantations
Dhruti Patel, Pankaj Kumar, J. I. Nirmal Kumar, Srikantha Herath, and Ram Avtar

Index


About the Authors / Editors:
Editor: J. I. Nirmal Kumar, PhD
Professor & Head, Department of Environmental Science & Technology, Institute of Science & Technology for Advanced Studies & Research (ISTAR), Vallabh Vidyanagar, Anand, Gujarat, India

J. I. Nirmal Kumar, PhD, is currently Professor and Head, Department of Environmental Science and Technology, where he teaches various postgraduate- and PhD-level courses and guides research projects at the PhD and Masters levels. His research interests include bioremediation, biodegradation, biodiversity, wetland pollution monitoring, forest nutrient dynamics, ecology, environmental biology, and nanoscience and technology. He has received 15 major research projects from various national funding agencies, including from the Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF) (India), the Ministry of Earth Sciences (India), the University Grants Commission, the Gujarat Forest Research Institute, among others. He has 30 years of research and 25 years of teaching experience and has published about 175 research papers in peer-reviewed international and national journals and proceedings. Dr. Kumar has attended, chaired, and presented various papers at international and national conferences. In addition, he is a member of several professional bodies. Dr. Kumar has received several best paper and academia awards and has developed international collaborations with the University of Cincinnati, Ohio; the Missouri University of Science and Technology, MO, USA; and the National Institute of Advanced Industrial, Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Japan, for research and student exchange programs.

He received his PhD from Sardar Patel University and worked in the Centre for Ecological Sciences (CES), Indian Institute of Sciences, Bangalore, India, for two years and explored the inventory of biodiversity of Western Ghats of India.




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